"Nassim Nicholas Taleb introduces the book as follows: "Some things benefit from shocks; they thrive and grow when exposed to volatility, randomness, disorder, and stressors and love adventure, risk, and uncertainty. Yet, in spite of the ubiquity of the phenomenon, there is no word for the exact opposite of fragile. Let us call it antifragile. Antifragility is beyond resilience or robustness. The resilient resists shocks and stays the same; the antifragile gets better"
Purposeful Practice + 4% ("Flow", balance of skill and challenge + 4%)
1 million repetitions (to become excellent in doing something)
(top of the) icebergs (visible success is on top of huge invisible practice)
DoubleThink: yes can do it vs. what can go wrong, at the same time
Everyone can do it, "Mindset" is the key, getting better by practice vs. proving inborn potential
Black Box Thinking | Brian Johnson
All airplanes are equipped with "black box" for recording and analyzing "what went wrong" in tragic situations; result: extremely good safety record. Opposite: medical environment hiding and not improving based on data, huge number of people dying from preventable mistakes.
50 lb of clay = better art: (practice makes perfect) students with
goal to "do more" clay pottery produced much better results than
those with goal to "make best" possible pottery
"Marginal gains": small improvements in many details compound to better performance
"Practice 50000 times": examples from sports
"Cognitive Dissonance" Galileo example, when church refused to look trough telescope
Pre-mortems: "what-if" exercises, to avoid preventable mistakes